Following the larger-scale dramas of Rigoletto and Il Trovatore, its intimate scope and subject matter inspired the composer to create some of his most profound and heartfelt music. $12.99. He was right. At first, she rejects him because his love means nothing to her, but there is something about Alfredo that touches her heart. Published by Nadia Kovarskaya. Before rushing out and setting off for Paris, she hands the farewell letter to her servant to give to Alfredo. Violetta greets many friends including Gastone, who introduces her to Alfredo Germont. Feeling annoyed, the Baron goes to the gambling table and joins him in a game. Total number of Liceu performances: 251. ... Ah, fors' è lui – "Ah, perhaps he is the one"). Verdi attended the play in 1852 in Paris, where he was spending the winter. But Violetta senses it is too late (Violetta: Addio, del passato bei sogni ridenti – "Farewell, lovely, happy dreams of the past"). He then leads everyone in a lively drinking song (“Libiamo”), and the attraction between the two becomes clear. Verdi was filled with premonitions of disaster upon his arrival in Venice on 21 February for rehearsals and he made his unhappiness clear to the singers. Gastone and his friends join the matadors and sing (Gastone, chorus, dancers: È Piquillo un bel gagliardo Biscaglino mattador – "Piquillo is a bold and handsome matador from Biscay"). Baron Douphol, Violetta’s former lover (bass), Flora Bervoix, Violetta’s friend (mezzo-soprano), Marquis d’Obigny, Flora’s lover (bass), Gastone de Letorières, Violetta’s friend (tenor), Doctor Grenvil, Violetta’s physician (bass). (The first performance set in the period Verdi specified took place in 1906, after Verdi’s death and well after the setting could be called contemporary.). Meanwhile, he reluctantly becomes impressed by Violetta's nobility, something which he did not expect from a courtesan. World premiere: Teatro La Fenice 06/03/1853. Gastone, a viscount, has brought with him a friend, Alfredo Germont, a young bourgeois from a provincial family who has long adored Violetta from afar. Verdi’s music offers flying melodies, rousing drinking songs and heartbreaking duets in the opera that you’ll recognise from Pretty Woman and that inspired Moulin Rouge. In addition, personal affairs in his home town limited his activities that spring, but after Rigoletto's success in Venice, an additional commission was offered by Brenna, the secretary of La Fenice. Last Liceu performance: 18/07/2015. The guests reprimand Alfredo: Di donne ignobile insultatore, di qua allontanati, ne desti orror! It was not until the 1880s that the composer's and librettist's original wishes were carried out and "realistic" productions were staged. Verdi La Traviata Highlights The Rome Opera House Orchestra Vinyl Album LP 35822. ("Ignoble insulter of women, go away from here, you fill us with horror!"). • Donato Lovreglio (1841–1907), an Italian flautist and composer, wrote the "Concert Fantasy on themes from Verdi's La traviata", Op. Violetta Valéry, a young courtesan, famous in the Parisian high society, throws a party in her home. When she replies that perhaps she does have a heart, he responds that if she did, she would not make fun of him, for he has loved her deeply for a year. Gastone asks the Baron to propose a toast; the Baron refuses, so Gastone turns to Alfredo, who hesitates until Violetta assures him that it would please her. In grief, she makes that admission and, furiously, Alfredo calls the guests to witness what he has to say (Questa donna conoscete? Gilda Roberts) (1998), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:06. She faints onto the floor. La traviata means “the fallen woman” or “the one who goes astray” and refers to the main character, Violetta Valéry, a courtesan. Nancy & Beth - Nancy And Beth [New Vinyl LP] … Three months later, Alfredo and Violetta are living together in a peaceful country house outside Paris. The 2019/20 season kicks off in September with a new production of "La … Baron Douphol, Violetta's current lover, waits nearby to escort her to the salon; once there, the Baron is asked to give a toast, but refuses, and the crowd turns to Alfredo, who agrees to sing a brindisi – a drinking song (Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Libiamo ne' lieti calici – "Let's drink from the joyful cups"). Alfredo is thrilled, but Violetta still cannot believe that he really loves her. Played out against the hypocrisy of upper-class fashionable society, Alfredo and Violetta’s love threatens to shame his family. Flora and the ladies attempt to persuade Violetta to leave the dining room, but Violetta turns to Alfredo: Alfredo, Alfredo, di questo core non puoi comprendere tutto l'amore... – "Alfredo, Alfredo, you can't understand all the love in this heart...". https://www.britannica.com/topic/La-traviata, National Public Radio - Verdi's 'La Traviata:' The Original 'Pretty Woman'. He confesses that the moment he saw her, he was fascinated by her beauty and intelligence, though he has never had the courage to tell her. La Traviata Handa Opera on Sydney Harbour Due to the announcement by the Australian Government recommending against all non-essential organised gatherings of over 500 people, performances of La Traviata on Sydney Harbour will not proceed. One subject was chosen, Piave set to work, and then Verdi threw in another idea, which may have been La traviata. La traviata tells the story of the tragic love between the courtesan Violetta and the romantic Alfredo Germont. La traviata takes place in and around Paris, about 1850. He decides to confront Violetta at the party. While walking to the salon, Gastone tells Violetta that Alfredo loves her, and that while she was ill, he came to her house every day. Some revisions took place between 1853 and May 1854, mostly affecting acts 2 and 3, but the opera was performed again on 6 May 1854 and was a great success, largely due to Maria Spezia-Aldighieri's portrayal of Violetta. Time will tell. Was the fault mine or the singers'? Unfortunately, she was 38 years old and overweight. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at La Fenice opera house in Venice. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. Verdi’s La Traviata survived a notoriously unsuccessful opening night to become one of the best-loved operas in the repertoire. Here, Gaston, Viscount of Letorières, introduces a new admirer to her, Alfredo Germont. Verdi based La traviata on Alexandre Dumas fils's novel and play La Dame aux camélias, inspired by the life and death of the real Parisian courtesan Marie Duplessis.Verdi offered a more complex and sympathetic portrayal of his heroine than Dumas, … Verdi and Giuseppina Strepponi had visited Paris from late 1851 and into March 1852. $8.25. Passion that knows no boundaries. De Van, Gilles (trans. [14], The opera (in the revised version) was first performed in Madrid on 1 February 1855 with Maria Spezia-Aldighieri at Teatro Real, in Vienna on 4 May 1855 in Italian and in Barcelona on 25 October at Gran Teatre del Liceu. While the guests dance in the next room, Violetta looks at her pale face in her mirror. [25] The concluding part of Violetta's solo scene that ends the first act is full of vocal decoration and feverish ornamentation as she swears to stay free ("Sempre libera"). Her friends try to help her, but she insists that she will be fine and sends them all into the ballroom. Free shipping . Highlights From Verdi's La Traviata, Licia Albanese - 1950, LP Opera - VG Vinyl. As everyone is leaving the room, Violetta has asked Alfredo to see her. La Traviata Opera (3) 2h 1min 2019 7+ Giving up her life of parties and wealthy lovers, a Parisian courtesan decides to settle down with her young admirer. Online premiere: Friday 8 May 2020 at 7pm BST, broadcast free online as part of the Royal Opera House's #OurHouseToYourHouse series. For Verdi, the years 1851 to 1853 were filled with operatic activity. Adapted from Alexandre Dumas’ “La dame aux Camélias”, Verdi’s La Traviata is one of the composer’s best-loved operas. Violetta’s friend, the Viscount Gastone, introduces young Alfredo Germont to her. With growing remorse, she finally agrees (Violetta, Giorgio: Dite alla giovine, sì bella e pura, – "Tell the young girl, so beautiful and pure,") and says goodbye to Giorgio. It was first performed in England on 24 May 1856 in Italian at Her Majesty's Theatre in London,[15] where it was considered morally questionable, and "the heads of the Church did their best to put an injunction upon performance; the Queen refrained from visiting the theatre during the performances, though the music, words and all, were not unheard at the palace". Omissions? [24], The prelude to the opera begins with very soft, very high strings depicting the frail heroine, followed by the main love theme of the opera, which is then played on lower strings while the higher instruments decorate the melody. Alfredo is shocked to learn this and leaves for Paris immediately to settle matters himself. In search of his son, Giorgio enters the hall and, knowing the real significance of the scene, denounces his son's behavior (Giorgio, Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Di sprezzo degno sè stesso rende chi pur nell'ira la donna offende. The score is littered with fantastics tunes that are now wildly famous (even those who arent at all operatically versed will know many of the arias from countless TV ads) but beyond that it is the coherence of the whole piece that makes it a masterpiece. (Verdi had previously attempted to persuade the manager of La Fenice to re-cast the role with a younger woman, but with no success.) He has informed Alfredo of the sacrifice she has made for him and his sister; and he is sending his son to see her as quickly as possible to ask for her forgiveness. San Francisco Opera presents Verdi's La Traviata. Flora tells the annoyed Baron that it would have been better for him to have kept silent. $10.39. The opera uses an orchestra with the following instrumentation: 2 flutes (fl. Verdi called the night a fiasco, yet he did not allow himself to be overly distressed, writing to a conductor friend, “I do not think that the last word on La traviata was uttered last night.” Within two months he was vindicated: the revival that opened May 6, 1853, at the Teatro San Benedetto in Venice, with more suitable singers and a few small revisions in the score, was an unqualified success. Opera companies would not comply, insisting on setting the story in the early 18th century. Piave and Verdi wanted to follow Dumas in giving the opera a contemporary setting, but the authorities at La Fenice insisted that it be set in the past, "c. 1700". After the lovers run away together, they live in bliss for a short time. – "A man, who even in anger, offends a woman renders himself deserving of contempt."). [20] The French adaptation of the libretto was published in 1865. Draw your own conclusions!" From the next room, the sound of the orchestra is heard and the guests move there to dance. Violetta Valéry, a famed courtesan, throws a lavish party at her Paris salon to celebrate her recovery from an illness. Violetta arrives with Baron Douphol. However, Alfredo's father, Giorgio, starts to interfere, concerned that Violetta's bad reputation will affect the marriage prospects of Alfredo's sister. The opera features some of the most challenging and revered music in the entire soprano repertoire; the aria “Sempre libera” at the end of Act I is especially well known. In his approach to this classic drama, director Willy Decker sets the action on a nearly bare stage, focusing the audience’s full attention on the three main characters. “Sempre libera” (“Always free ”) is a duet from Giuseppe Verdi's opera La traviata.In mid-19 th-century Paris, Violetta Valéry is a courtesan of fragile health.At one of her parties, she encounters young Alfredo Germont. Gastone tells her that during her recent illness, Alfredo had inquired after her daily. As a result of this, Verdi biographer Mary Jane Phillips-Matz reports, the composer immediately began to compose music for what would later become La traviata. She calls for the entertainers to perform for the guests (Chorus: Noi siamo zingarelle venute da lontano – "We are gypsy girls who have come from afar"; Di Madride noi siam mattadori – "We are matadors from Madrid"). Alone in her room, Violetta reads a letter from Alfredo's father telling her that the Baron was only wounded in his duel with Alfredo. Practically speaking, the demands on orchestra and singers do not overburden the resources of even modest opera companies. La traviata’s subject and setting were novel for opera in the middle of the 19th century. La Traviata’s sumptuous melodies and timeless depiction of doomed love have made the work a favorite of generations of operagoers. "[9] Although still bogged down at Sant'Agata, Piave was sanguine: "Everything will turn out fine, and we'll have a new masterpiece from this true wizard of modern harmonies". The taut plot and vivid characters paired with Verdis perfectly attuned music tend to result in few dry eyes by t… When she brushes this off, saying that no one takes care of her, he answers that no one loves her but he. After the guests leave, Violetta wonders if Alfredo could actually be the one in her life (Violetta: È strano! 45, for clarinet and orchestra (published Ricordi, 1865); in it, Lovreglio used the overture and several arias from the opera. Though she was an acclaimed singer, they considered her to be too old (at 38) and overweight to credibly play a young woman dying of consumption. Alfredo leaves with handfuls of money. Giuseppe Verdi's opera "La Traviata," tells the story of courtesan Violetta Valery ("traviata" translates to "fallen woman), who finds love and gives up her free-wheeling lifestyle, only to have her past come back to haunt her. ACT I Violetta Valéry knows that she will die soon, exhausted by her restless life as a courtesan. The opera features some of the most challenging and revered music in the entire soprano repertoire; the aria “Sempre libera” at the end of Act I is especially well known. Betsy Schwarm is a music historian based in Colorado. Alfredo sings of their happy life together (Alfredo: De' miei bollenti spiriti / Il giovanile ardore – "The youthful ardor of my ebullient spirits"). Based upon the 1852 play by Alexandre Dumas fils (La Dame aux camélias), the opera marked a large step forward for Verdi in his quest to express dramatic ideas in music. La Fenice had been clamouring for a new work; although the theatre would supply funding and performers, Verdi was afraid its singers would not do the opera justice. OperaBook - Platform for Performing Arts. The heroine is a fallen woman who earns redemption through sacrifice—a notion that was somewhat risqué at the time—although not forbidden by censors. Violetta invites everyone to go to the ballroom for dancing but is stricken with dizziness. La Traviata is one of the cornerstones of the operatic repertory. Alone once more, Violetta makes Alfredo promise not to speak of love again. [16] It was first performed in the United States by the Max Maretzek Italian Opera Company on 3 December 1856 in Italian at the Academy of Music in New York. Storyline Violetta meets Alfredo and quickly falls for him. Victime d'une distribution défaillante, l'œuvre s'est heurtée, lors de sa création, à l'incompréhension du public, dérouté par un drame romantique au caractère intimiste, privé de la distance héroïque traditionnelle et servi par un réalisme musical inaccoutumé. In October 2015, rising soprano Lisette Oropesa made her role debut as Violetta in a new production of Verdi’s La traviata at the Academy of Music, serving notice that this … La Traviata Opera | Grand Opera | Teatro Real, Madrid . He humiliates and denounces Violetta in front of the guests and then throws his winnings at her feet in payment for her services. Director Ermenegildo Giordano Genres Arts, … La traviata (Italian pronunciation: [la traˈvjaːta]; The Fallen Woman)[1][2] is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. As the months dragged on into October, it was agreed that Piave would come to Sant'Agata and work with the composer. Experience the joy and heartache of the world’s most popular opera, La Traviata, at Sydney’s best night out. [10], The audience jeered at times during the premiere, directing some of their scorn at the casting of soprano Fanny Salvini-Donatelli in the lead role of Violetta. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. First, he had agreed with the librettist Salvadore Cammarano on a subject for what would become Il trovatore, but work on this opera could not proceed while the composer was writing Rigoletto, which premiered in Venice in March 1851. Mezzo.Tv is set to present “La Traviata” from the Gran Teatre del Liceu on Dec. 31 . Over the years many versions were created, varying from theater to theater depending on the instruments available, but none of them is authoritative. The scale is intimate and bourgeois, not heroic or noble. Scene 1: Violetta's country house outside Paris. However, Alfredo remains and sincerely decl… [21], Today, the opera has become immensely popular and is a staple of the standard operatic repertoire.[4]. Alfredo suspects that the Baron is behind his separation with Violetta, and the party invitation, which he finds on the desk, strengthens his suspicions. [25], La traviata is the only one of Verdi's many operas to be set entirely indoors. [3] La traviata has become immensely popular and is among the most frequently performed of all operas.[4]. Annina, the maid, arrives from Paris, and, when questioned by Alfredo, tells him that she went there to sell the horses, carriages and everything owned by Violetta to support their country lifestyle. Verdi knew that the play would be the ideal subject for an opera and immediately began to compose music for what would later become La traviata. [10], While there were demands for productions from impresarios in various Italian cities, Verdi was loath to allow them unless he could be sure of the strength of the singers, and in spite of their pleas, the composer refused. Violetta gives a note to Annina to send to Flora accepting the party invitation and, as she is writing a farewell letter to Alfredo, he enters. Violetta, amused, cannot understand why and teases her lover, Baron Douphol, that he did not do the same. [25], The lengthy and crucial duet between the elder Germont and Violetta in act 2 is multi-sectioned with the music following the changing dramatic situation. He is about to leave when she gives him a flower, telling him to return it when it has wilted, which will be the very next day. edited by Colin Bradbury for clarinet and piano (London: Chester Music, 1980): https://www.worldcat.org/title/fantasia-sull-opera-la-traviata-di-g-verdi-for-clarinet-piano-op-45/oclc/495943141, https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/279609, International Music Score Library Project, 10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.O005794, Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano Giuseppe Verdi, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=La_traviata&oldid=995046910, Articles with dead external links from September 2020, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template with a doi parameter, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, There is a film version of the opera from 1967, with. Dumas, in his novel of 1848 and the play based on it, recalls an actual “lady of pleasure” (the scandalous Marie Duplessis) whom he had known and adored. More than other Italian opera composers of the time, Verdi unified the music and underscored the drama through the use of techniques such as repeated phrases (Violetta’s “Ah, fors’è lui” echoes Alfredo’s declaration of love and continues as a love theme), instrumentation (high violins underscore Violetta’s character from the overture onward), coloratura ornamentation that reflects Violetta’s agitation (thus justifying what otherwise can seem empty virtuosity), and musical continuity (through blurring the line between recitative and aria). The next day, Verdi wrote to his friend Emanuele Muzio in what has now become perhaps his most famous letter: "La traviata last night a failure. shipping: + $3.99 shipping . At the party, the Marquis tells Flora that Violetta and Alfredo have separated, much to the amazement of everyone who had previously seen the happy couple. Of the primary cast members, only the soprano who played Violetta (Fanny Salvini-Donatelli) was adequate as a singer. The story feels immediate, and the melodies are beautiful. When he sees them, Alfredo loudly proclaims that he will take Violetta home with him. Speranza Scapucci will conduct the production. She has not previously considered herself capable of true love, but she falls in love with Alfredo, who has long loved her from afar. Alfredo misunderstands her apprehension and demands that she admit that she loves the Baron. With Ileana Cotrubas, Plácido Domingo, Cornell MacNeil, Ariel Bybee. Opera Insights Enhance your La Traviata knowledge with a pre-curtain lecture one hour before each performance in Music Hall's Corbett Tower.Evans Mirageas, The Harry T. Wilks Artistic Director, provides overviews and insights into the opera's history, music, and production. Alfredo's father, Giorgio Germont, is announced and demands that she break off her relationship with his son for the sake of his family, since he reveals that Violetta's relationship with Alfredo has threatened his daughter's engagement (Giorgio: Pura siccome un angelo, Iddio mi diè una figlia – "Pure as an angel, God gave me a daughter") because of Violetta's reputation. He toasts in her honor before the whole crowd. Una exaltación a la vida y a las virtudes humanas como la generosidad, la compasión y el sacrificio por los demás, que se ven frustradas por el juicio implacable de una sociedad clasista, en la que Alfredo es el estereotipo del ardiente amante obsesivo. Alfredo joins them, admitting the truth of Gastone's remarks. – "Who erased the sea, the land of Provence from your heart?"). Alone, she looks at herself in the mirror and is shocked to see how pale she is. She has recently come into better health and decided to host a party in celebration. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [8] However, as Budden reveals, Verdi writes to his friend De Sanctis telling him that "for Venice I'm doing La Dame aux camélias which will probably be called La traviata. [17] George Templeton Strong noted in his diary: "People say the plot's immoral, but I don't see that it's so much worse than many others, not to speak of Don Giovanni, which as put on the stage is little but rampant lechery",[18] while the Evening Post critic wrote: "Those who have quietly sat through the glaring improprieties of Don Giovanni will hardly blush or frown at anything in La traviata. Writing to Piave, he added that "I don't want any of those everyday subjects that one can find by the hundreds. Peruse the lineup … – "You know this woman?"). As they bet, Alfredo wins some large sums until Flora announces that supper is ready. 2 doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, harp, cimbasso, timpani, cymbals, bass drum, triangle, strings. A widespread version is: 1 piccolo, 4 clarinets, 2 horns, flugelhorn, 3 trumpets, at least 2 trombones, low brasses (number unspecified), bass drum. The character of Violetta dominates the work and her music changes as she develops through the drama, from the hectic, almost hysterical coloratura of the first act, to the more dramatic passages of the second, and the spiritual quality of her music as she departs life in act 3. "[12], Coincidentally, as Philips-Matz points out, an Italian translation of the play La Dame aux camélias was being presented just a short distance from La Fenice. Rumor has it that he has been enquiring after her health every day. Violetta has fallen in love with Alfredo and she has completely abandoned her former life. Saimir Pirgu, Venera Gimadieva and The Royal Opera Chorus sing La traviata's famous drinking song. First Barcelona performance: 25/10/1855 at the Gran Teatre del Liceu. But she concludes that she needs freedom to live her life (Violetta, Alfredo: Sempre libera – "Always free"). In her Parisian salon, Violetta, a courtesan, is greeting guests as they arrive for her party. Nevertheless, the first act was met with applause and cheering at the end; but in the second act, the audience began to turn against the performance, especially after the singing of the baritone Felice Varesi and the tenor Lodovico Graziani. La traviata (título original en italiano, que en español podría traducirse como La descarriada) es una ópera en tres actos con música de Giuseppe Verdi y libreto en italiano de Francesco Maria Piave, basado en la novela de Alexandre Dumas (hijo) La dame aux camélias (1852), aunque no directamente sino a través de una adaptación teatral. [5] However, Julian Budden notes that Verdi had probably read the Dumas novel some time before, and, after seeing the play and returning to Italy, "he was already setting up an ideal operatic cast for it in his mind,"[6] shown by his dealings with La Fenice. [25], This delicate atmosphere is altered on curtain rise by lively dance tunes in the orchestra. Dr. Grenvil tells Annina that Violetta will not live long since her tuberculosis has worsened. Violetta, a Parisian demimondaine, is hosting a party. La traviata, opera in three acts by Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi (libretto in Italian by Francesco Maria Piave) that premiered in Venice at La Fenice opera house on March 6, 1853. Francesco Maria Piave was engaged to write the new libretto and the two men tried to come up with a suitable subject, but the composer complained that his librettist "had not yet offered him an 'original' or 'provocative' idea". In February the couple attended a performance of Alexander Dumas fils's The Lady of the Camellias. Alfredo enters and expresses his concern for her fragile health, later declaring his love for her (Alfredo, Violetta: Un dì, felice, eterea – "One day, happy and ethereal"). Now Violetta laughs at him, and he chides her for being heartless. Unlike Il trovatore, which was composed simultaneously, La traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. [25], Piave to Carlo Marzari at La Fenice announcing that the libretto was complete, 20 October 1852, in, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFParker2002 (. From off stage, Alfredo's voice is heard singing about love as he walks down the street. "[19], The opera was first performed in France on 6 December 1856 in Italian by the Théâtre-Italien at the Salle Ventadour in Paris,[15] and on 27 October 1864 in French as Violetta (an adaptation by Édouard Duprez, older brother of the tenor Gilbert Duprez) at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Place du Châtelet with Christina Nilsson in the title role. Unlike Il Trovatore, which was composed simultaneously, La Traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The production by Sir David McVicar will star Kristina Mkhitaryan in the role of Violetta alongside Dimitry Korchak as Alfredo Germont and Giovanni Meoni as Giorgio Germont. Celebrate the season with a week of delightful Nightly Opera Streams perfect for the holidays—including a touching 1982 telecast of Puccini’s La Bohème on Christmas Eve and Humperdinck’s scrumptious Hansel and Gretel on Christmas Day. [10], When back at Sant'Agata in late January 1853 Verdi was reminded that his contract called for him to be in Venice within a week or two and for the premiere to be held on the "first Saturday in March 1853". It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the 1848 novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. Further information available here.. Venue: Fleet Steps, Mrs Macquarie's Point. After a series of severe coughs and almost fainting, Violetta begins to feel dizzy and asks her guests to go ahead and to leave her to rest until she recovers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Updates? But his provincial family is determined to break up the scandalous affair. After singing a duet with Alfredo, Violetta suddenly revives, exclaiming that the pain and discomfort have left her. When the glamorous but fragile courtesan Violetta Valéry and her admirer Alfredo Germont find love, it seems nothing can keep them apart. But she casts aside the thought as foolishness. For her, love is an illusion, and she must simply live free and for pleasure alone (“Sempre libera”)—even though Alfredo’s declaration of love still rings in her ears. A moment later, she dies in Alfredo's arms. Soon, the servant brings the letter to Alfredo and, as soon as he has read it, Giorgio returns and attempts to comfort his son, reminding him of his family in Provence (Giorgio: Di Provenza il mar, il suol chi dal cor ti cancellò? These coloratura effects are not required for the character after the first act. As Budden notes, it came to be Venice "that made an honest woman of Violetta"[13] when Verdi allowed a performance at the Teatro San Benedetto. They say their goodbyes just as the guests come crowding into the salon to make their own farewells. A subject for our own age. La traviata means “the fallen woman” or “the one who goes astray” and refers to the main character, Violetta Valéry, a courtesan. Suddenly, she almost faints and everyone jumps in to help, but she asks them to go away. In a gesture of gratitude for her kindness and sacrifice, Giorgio kisses her forehead before leaving her weeping alone.

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